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Case Analysis : Epilepsy

by Drs. Like Wu, Xiaojuan Wang and Bo Cheng

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition, which affects the nervous system. Epilepsy is also known as a seizure disorder. It is usually diagnosed after a person has had at least two seizures that were not caused by some known medical condition like alcohol withdrawal or extremely low blood sugar. Sometimes, according to the International League Against Epilepsy, epilepsy can be diagnosed after one seizure, if a person has a condition that places them at high risk for having another.

The seizures in epilepsy may be related to a brain injury or a family tendency, but most of the time the cause is unknown. The word "epilepsy" does not indicate anything about the cause of the person's seizures, what type they are, or how severe they are. It results from the generation of electrical signals that come from inside the brain, causing recurring seizures. Seizure symptoms vary from one person to another. Some people suffering from epilepsy simply stare blankly for a number of seconds while undergoing a seizure. Others have full-fledged convulsions.

Even mild seizures might require treatment, since they can be dangerous if they occur during activities like swimming or driving. Traditional treatment generally includes medications and sometimes surgery. It usually eliminates or reduces both the frequency and intensity of seizures. Many children with epilepsy outgrow the condition, as they mature.

Current evidence seems to suggest that excitotoxic mechanisms are involved in a number of neurological disorders, including status epilepticus (SE) a condition found in some patients with epilepsy. SE conditions lead to neuronal loss, synaptic reorganization, sclerosis of brain tissue, and some motor and cognitive dysfunctions, including epilepsy and memory impairments.

Cell replacement is a possible approach for the treatment of excitotoxic neuronal injury. After selective neuronal injury, targeted replacement of injured neurons may be a logical choice.

In Wu Stem Cell Medical Center(WSCMC), neural stem cell and mesenchymal stem cell injections have been used together with rehabilitation therapy to treat epilepsy.

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Patient Stories:

Name: Brisa Mac caddon Sex: Female Nationality: Argentine Age: 14 Diagnoses: 1. Cerebral Palsy, secondary epilepsy 2. PEG (postoperative) Date of Admission: June 27th, 2016 Treatment hospital/period: Wu Medical Center/21days Before treatment: Brisa

Posted at 2016-08-29 by Zhangqi views(25)

Name: Avril Buson Sex: Female Nationality: Argentine Age: 7 Diagnosis: Chronic Encephalopathy, Secondary Epilepsy Date of Admission: April 25, 2016 Treatment hospital/period : Wu Medical Center/21 days Before treatment: Avrils mother had regular an

Posted at 2016-06-20 by Zhangqi views(50)

Name: Alan Sex: Male Nationality: British Age: 6 Years Diagnosis: 1. Autism 2. Epilepsy Date of Admission: Feb.19, 2016 Treatment hospital/period: Wu Medical Center/14 days Before treatment: Alan was normal when he was born, but he began to have ep

Posted at 2016-03-30 by Zhangqi views(93)

Name: Ariadna Sofia Zambrano Marcano Sex: Female Nationality: Pakistani Age: 3 Years Diagnosis: 1.Cerebral Palsy 2. Hyperthyroidism 3. Epilepsy Date of Admission :October 16, 2015 Treatment hospital/period: Wu Medical Center/28 days Before treatment

Posted at 2015-12-04 by Zhangqi views(143)

Name: Seguel Hector Martin Sex: Male Nationality: Argentina Age: 20 Years Diagnosis: 1.Cerebral Palsy 2. Hydrocephalus(postop. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt) 3. Secondary Epilepsy Date of Admission: Aug. 30, 2015 Treatment hospital/period: Wu Medical Ce

Posted at 2015-10-13 by Zhangqi views(161)

Name: Hendrik Pieter Kroonenburg Sex: Male Nationality: Germany Age: 35 Years Diagnosis: 1. Stroke 2. Secondary Epilepsy 3. Hypertension 4. Hyperlipemia Date of Admission: July 21, 2015 Treatment hospital/period: Wu Medical Center/22 days Before tre

Posted at 2015-09-04 by Zhangqi views(133)

Name: Emily Sex: Female Country: Australia Age: 13 years Diagnosis: 1. Chronic Encephalopathy (Cerebral Palsy) 2. Epilepsy Date of Admission: June 29th, 2015 Treatment Hospital/Period: Wu Medical Center/28 days Before treatment: Emily was born at 38

Posted at 2015-08-04 by Zhangqi views(139)

Name: Pablo Marcelo Piedrabuena Sex: Male Country: Argentina Age: 11 years Diagnosis: 1.Cerebral palsy 2. Secondary Epilepsy 3. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection(cured) Date of Admission: June 22th, 2015 Treatment Hospital/Period: Wu Medical Center/2

Posted at 2015-08-04 by Zhangqi views(183)
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